24th April 2023

On 24th April 2023, in Washington, DC, the United States of America and the Republic of Kenya governments convened their third Bilateral Strategic Dialogue. The foundation of the US-Kenya Strategic Partnership is mutual respect, cooperation, and a shared vision for sustainable development. US Secretary of State, Antony J Blinken, and Kenyan Cabinet Secretary for Foreign and Diaspora Affairs, Dr Alfred Mutua, discussed achieving peace and prosperity in Kenya, Africa, and beyond while also enhancing their bilateral partnership across all five pillars of the Strategic Partnership. The pillars are:

  1. Economic Prosperity, Trade, and Investment

Through the Kenya-US STIP and by giving priority to economic and commercial programmes, the US and Kenya agree to significantly expand two-way trade and investment relations. Over the next five years, the two states hope to significantly reduce food insecurity by working together to create at least 1,000,000 new jobs in Kenya annually. The conversation builds on significant achievements, including a fruitful second round of US-Kenya STIP negotiations, President William Ruto's announcement of crucial economic reforms at the March 29–30 American Chamber of Commerce Summit in Nairobi, and several fresh US investments in Kenya's health, agriculture, and energy sectors. Kenya asks for continuous support and assistance in the technical fields of ICT, agro-processing, clothing, and pharmaceuticals.

  1. Defence Cooperation

The US and Kenya reaffirmed their commitment to implementing the agreements made during the 2022 Bilateral Defence Forum, which included a 5-year security cooperation plan to strengthen Kenya's capacity to fight violent extremist groups, advance regional security, advance maritime surveillance, and support Kenyan military academic institutions. Kenya's contribution to boosting stability in Somalia and the DRC has been commended. The US will work to improve Kenya Defence Forces' military aviation capabilities in support of these peace initiatives. The African Union Transition Mission in Somalia will be supported by increased Kenyan capabilities at the Kenyan Military Airfield at Manda Bay to combat Al-Shabaab. The $5 million Counter Insurgency, Terrorism, and Stability Operations Centre will also be completed.

  1. Democracy, Governance, and Civilian Security

Kenya and the US reaffirmed their dedication to promoting transparent and accountable democratic institutions, enhancing the rule of law, upholding human rights, and tackling governance issues. The US has pledged to continue aiding Kenya's initiatives to improve police accountability and reforms.


The two also agreed to keep fighting together to stop international organised crime's unlawful wildlife exploitation. They agreed to look into ways to work together to improve the capability of the Kenyan judicial system. They also promised to maintain their close coordination in the fight against terrorism in Kenya and the surrounding area. The US will continue to work with Kenya to increase its law enforcement agencies' and judicial institutions' capacity to stop, respond to, and look into cases of corruption, terrorism, and transnational organised crime. The two parties agreed to establish a forensics programme to improve Kenya's capacity to gather, examine, and preserve evidence in terrorist investigations and prosecutions. The two nations reiterated their commitment to an open, interoperable, dependable, and secure internet and agreed to strengthen cooperation to protect against common cyber threats. They also stated their intention to hold a second US-Kenya Cyber and Digital Dialogue later this year.

  1. Multilateral and Regional Issues

To meet the mounting humanitarian needs brought on by food shortages and forced displacement, Kenya and the US pledged to keep cooperating in the Horn of Africa and beyond. With more than $500 million in humanitarian aid given over the course of the last year, the US highlighted its commitment to helping Kenya address the severe drought and food shortages. Kenya's contributions to regional stability in Ethiopia, Somalia, and the DRC have been lauded and continue to have the US' assistance. They emphasised Kenya's assistance with peace initiatives in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, promised to keep looking into financial and logistical support for the EAC-led Nairobi Process, and offered to cooperate with the Kenyan Ministry of Foreign and Diaspora Affairs to strengthen that ministry's ability to assist with regional peace negotiations. The US also applauded Kenya's stance as a kind and dependable host nation for refugees from nearby nations. The two nations pledged to foster economic growth, making investments in communities that welcome refugees, and encouraging self-reliance. To support the conversion of refugee camps into integrated communities, the US and Kenya pledged to collaborate with the United Nations and other partners. The two nations also agreed to cooperate to advance lasting solutions, such as peace-building initiatives and to investigate the Humanitarian Development-Peace (HDP) nexus, which is essential for voluntary, respectable, and long-term returns to countries of origin.

  1. Health Cooperation

The long-standing US-Kenya health relationship was highlighted by both parties, as having made considerable strides against both infectious and non-communicable diseases. There are ongoing collaborations to improve health systems and manage HIV, TB, malaria, immunisation, family planning, and reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health (RMNCAH). Kenya is on course to meet President Ruto's objectives of continuous epidemic control that is Kenya-owned, Kenya-driven, and Kenya-funded by controlling the HIV/AIDS pandemic by 2025 thanks to the combined efforts of PEPFAR and the Ministry of Health. The Global Health Security Intensive Support Partnership continues to strengthen Kenya’s laboratory capacity, expand and train Kenya’s health workforce, and enable early and accurate detection of diseases. The continued collaboration between Kenya's and the United States' national cancer institutes was warmly welcomed by both nations and has substantially advanced the field of cancer research while also enhancing Kenyans' access to high-quality cancer treatment. The two Governments decided to keep working together to enhance and organise Kenya's legal and regulatory framework to guarantee accountability and transparency in the country's supply chain for public health supplies. As a result, Kenya's capacity to produce and export medical goods will be supported, and Kenyans will have greater access to affordable, high-quality medical supplies and equipment. The United States and Kenya agreed to increase Kenya's capacity for domestic production of human vaccines and pharmaceuticals, including by promoting foreign direct investment and the transfer of skills, and to operationalize the National Public Health Institute by formally establishing its mandate.